Valid measurement in the area of clinical outcome assessments (e.g., patient-reported outcome measures, clinician-reported outcome measures, observer-reported outcome measures and performance-based measures) is essential for high quality clinical and health services research. Because Singapore is a multi-ethnic and multi-lingual society, selection of appropriate outcome measures can be a challenge for researchers. For example, it is often unclear if assessment tools that were developed in other countries are appropriate for use in the local context. Researchers may also not be aware of assessment tools that have been developed and evaluated locally. 

What is TSCORE?

The TSCORE database is a growing registry of clinical outcome assessment measures whose psychometric properties (e.g., reliability, validity, responsiveness, interpretability) have been investigated in Singapore and published in scientific journals. This online tool is free to access.

Why was TSCORE created?

TSCORE was created to facilitate the efficient search for and selection of appropriate, reliable, and valid clinical outcome assessment measures for use in clinical and health services research studies conducted with the local population in Singapore.

What is included in TSCORE?

For each clinical outcome assessment measure, TSCORE provides basic information on the original measure (original study), in addition to key results (e.g., reliability, validity) from studies evaluating the psychometric properties of the measure in one or more well-defined Singaporean populations (qualification studies). We aim to update TSCORE regularly and we encourage researchers to suggest new entries that we may have overlooked.

Duke-NUS is pleased to host the TSCORE database with the objective of promoting valid and accurate measurement in research in the context of the Singapore healthcare environment. TSCORE is a growing online database of clinical outcome assessment measures whose psychometric properties have been investigated in Singapore and published in scientific journals. We hope that this database will serve as a useful research resource in your selection of a measurement tool and we welcome suggestions and corrections. The information provided on TSCORE is made available in good faith, derived from sources believed to be reliable and accurate at the time of release for research purposes only. While we do our best to keep the information up-to-date and accurate, measures are often revised and updated without notice. As such, Duke-NUS does not purport information in TSCORE to be complete or updated at all times. The inclusion of an assessment measure in TSCORE does not constitute an endorsement or recommendation on the part of Duke-NUS. The database is not meant to take the place of conducting your own thorough research of a measure you are looking to use. Duke-NUS specifically disclaims all warranties with respect to T-SCORE and any of its contents, whether express or implied, including, but not limited to, the accuracy, completeness, security and timeliness of any contents therein. We encourage you to contact the author or publisher of the measurement tool you are interested in to verify the same and to abide by any copyright restrictions or requirements for permission from the author(s) and/or publishers to use any measures not lawfully in the public domain. The pages and other materials supplied are provided "as is" and without warranties of any kind. TSCORE cannot guarantee protection from viruses any other items of a destructive nature. When using TSCORE, please take precautions to ensure you have up to date anti-virus software installed. Duke-NUS cannot guarantee compatibility with the web browser or other software you may use. There is no guarantee that TSCORE will be available on an on-going basis, and the provision and/or availability of the database may be subject to periods of interruption or poor performance and may be terminated at any time. In no event shall Duke-NUS be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental or consequential damages arising out of any use of or reliance on any information contained in TSCORE nor does Duke-NUS assume any responsibility for failure or delay in updating or removing the information contained in TSCORE.